How to properly reference your research

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In class we learned about the CRAAP protocol for referencing, and I know what you’re thinking. Not only is referencing boring, it sounds like a load of crap. *Badum tss*

What’s CRAAP? Currency Relevance Authority Accuracy Purpose

When doing your research, on whatever topic, it is necessary to reference what you search. To do so, the best format to use is CRAAP. You need to look out for these certain elements:

  • is the information recent? It should be current
  • is it useful? It should be relevant to your research, gotta stay on topic
  • is the author reliable? The author should be someone with experience in the topic
  • is it accurate? It should be reliable and precise information
  • is it serving its purpose? It should stay on track of its intentions

If your reference isn’t atleast one of these then you shouldn’t be using it. Down below, I present to you an example of 5 references that meet the criteria of the CRAAP protocol.

(gotta stay on brand with the whole “boring crap” I said before, so here are links to articles on boredom)

  • Biolcati, Roberta, et al. “Proneness to Boredom and Risk Behaviors During Adolescents’ Free Time.” Psychological Reports, vol. 121, no. 2, Apr. 2018, pp. 303–23. Crossref, doi:10.1177/0033294117724447.
  • Mugon, Jhotisha, et al. “A Failure to Launch: Regulatory Modes and Boredom Proneness.” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 9, July 2018. PubMed Central, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01126.
  • Putwain, David W., et al. “Reciprocal Relations between Students’ Academic Enjoyment, Boredom, and Achievement over Time.” Learning and Instruction, vol. 54, Apr. 2018, pp. 73–81. ScienceDirect, doi:10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.08.004
  • Stringaris, Argyris. “Editorial: Boredom and Developmental Psychopathology.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 57, no. 12, Dec. 2016, pp. 1335–36. Crossref, doi:10.1111/jcpp.12664
  • Wegmann, Elisa, et al. “Is It Beneficial to Use Internet-Communication for Escaping from Boredom? Boredom Proneness Interacts with Cue-Induced Craving and Avoidance Expectancies in Explaining Symptoms of Internet-Communication Disorder.” PLOS ONE, edited by Phil Reed, vol. 13, no. 4, Apr. 2018, p. e0195742. Crossref, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195742




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